By Michael Provence
The nice Syrian rebellion of 1925 used to be the biggest and longest-lasting anti-colonial insurgency within the inter-war Arab East. Mobilizing peasants, staff, and military veterans, instead of city elites and nationalist intellectuals, it was once the 1st mass stream opposed to colonial rule within the heart East. The insurrection did not unencumber Syria from French profession, however it supplied a version of renowned nationalism and resistance that is still effective within the center East at the present time. each one next Arab rebellion opposed to international rule has repeated the language and strategies of the good Syrian rebellion. during this paintings, Michael Provence makes use of newly published mystery colonial intelligence assets, overlooked memoirs, and renowned reminiscence to inform the tale of the insurrection from the point of view of its individuals. He indicates how Ottoman-subsidized army schooling created a new release of leaders of modest history who got here to insurgent opposed to either the French Mandate rulers of Syria and the Syrian intellectuals and landowners who helped the colonial regime to operate. This new renowned nationalism was once exceptional within the Arab international. Provence indicates compellingly that the nice Syrian rebellion was once a formative occasion in shaping the fashionable center East. (2006)
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Additional resources for The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism
21 Firro is an IsraeliDruze scholar. The Druze community in Israel is the main non-Jewish group not considered Arab by the government. Identity thus remains a contentious issue, particularly for Druze intellectuals like Firro. The Israeli state has largely succeeded in its Druze policy, while the French mandate failed. The French attempted to separate the Druze from the larger mandate Arab population, and the Great Revolt is proof that they failed. The Israeli state, by a more nuanced policy of enticements and a tacit, multitiered model of Israeli citizenship, succeeded in greater measure in separating the Druze from Contrasting Narratives 17 the larger Palestinian Arab population.
Several mandate and postindependence-era political leaders emphasized their role in the revolt. For example, future president Shukrî al-Quwwatlî escaped arrest and spent the revolt in Amman and Cairo, Jamîl Mardam Bey spent the revolt in Haifa, and Fakhrî al-Bârûdî was in jail after August 1925, to mention three of the most prominent. 14 French mandate authorities failed to comprehend the signiﬁcance of the relationships and the connections among regions, classes, and sectarian groups in Syria.
While the Ḥawrân Druze leaders were aggressive in defense of what they saw as their rights, they were not 38 The Hawrân Frontier suicidal. In the wake of the invasion, Samî al-Fârûqî disarmed the Ḥawrân Druze, and some of the Jabal’s young men were taken as conscripts into the Ottoman army. Among them was a twenty-year-old named Sulṭân al-Aṭrash.
The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism by Michael Provence