By Ian H. Birchall
So much critics of the political evolution of Jean-Paul Sartre have laid emphasis on his allegedly sympathetic and uncritical perspective to Stalinist Communism due, to a wide quantity, to their equation of Marxism with Stalinism. it's actual that Sartre used to be to blame of many critical misjudgements in regards to the USSR and the French Communist celebration. yet his courting with the Marxist Left used to be even more advanced and contradictory than so much bills admit. This ebook deals a political defence of Sartre and indicates how, from a comparatively apolitical stance within the Nineteen Thirties, Sartre turned more and more thinking about the politics of the Left; although he regularly distrusted Stalinism, he used to be occasionally pushed to best friend himself with it as a result of strength of its argument.
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Extra resources for Sartre Against Stalinism
This is not to say that they regarded any of the social strata as the model carrier of the positive traits of Polish national character. They did consider the peasantry to b e closest to this ideal, however, and a group which possessed the greatest reserve of vital forces and which was the least contaminated by foreign impact. " 3 4 T h e ethical ideals launched by the National Democrats were o p posed by the socialist movement, which emerged in the 1880s. Its ideologues claimed that the nature of individual and group welfare was identical.
21. ) Potsce (Warsaw, 1931), p. 42. 22. Leszek Kamirtski, Romantyzm a ideologic: Giowne ugrupowunia potiiyczne Drugiej Rzeczypospotiiej wobec (radycji rvmantyeznej (Wroclaw, 1980). p. 48; Andrzej Wierzbicki, Narad—panstwo w polsktej mysli historvcznej dwudziestokcia mi^dzvwojennego (Wroclaw, 1978). pp. 120-23. 132. P O L I S H C O N C E P T S OF N A T I V E 13 CULTURE it had assumed the form of the theory of two separate civilizations: that of the gentry and that of the peasantry. T h e first o n e was c o s m o politan and languished with refinement.
353. 8 JERZY JEDLICK1 o n the nationalization of the rural and urban masses in all three sectors of partitioned Poland, historical readers played a significant role. They were to awaken fondness, national consciousness, and eventually pride in having a millenary homeland. T h e peasant and the worker were to b e c o m e heirs to the tradition of the nobility, since there was no other, but if this tradition was mainly o n e of faults, errors, and indolence, it would be difficult to maintain any longer the complete discordance between a patriotic history p r i m e r for the people and the critical, even masochistic consciousness of the intelligentsia.
Sartre Against Stalinism by Ian H. Birchall