By Ivo Banac, Katherine Verdery
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Extra info for National Character and National Ideology in Interwar Eastern Europe
This is not to say that they regarded any of the social strata as the model carrier of the positive traits of Polish national character. They did consider the peasantry to b e closest to this ideal, however, and a group which possessed the greatest reserve of vital forces and which was the least contaminated by foreign impact. " 3 4 T h e ethical ideals launched by the National Democrats were o p posed by the socialist movement, which emerged in the 1880s. Its ideologues claimed that the nature of individual and group welfare was identical.
21. ) Potsce (Warsaw, 1931), p. 42. 22. Leszek Kamirtski, Romantyzm a ideologic: Giowne ugrupowunia potiiyczne Drugiej Rzeczypospotiiej wobec (radycji rvmantyeznej (Wroclaw, 1980). p. 48; Andrzej Wierzbicki, Narad—panstwo w polsktej mysli historvcznej dwudziestokcia mi^dzvwojennego (Wroclaw, 1978). pp. 120-23. 132. P O L I S H C O N C E P T S OF N A T I V E 13 CULTURE it had assumed the form of the theory of two separate civilizations: that of the gentry and that of the peasantry. T h e first o n e was c o s m o politan and languished with refinement.
353. 8 JERZY JEDLICK1 o n the nationalization of the rural and urban masses in all three sectors of partitioned Poland, historical readers played a significant role. They were to awaken fondness, national consciousness, and eventually pride in having a millenary homeland. T h e peasant and the worker were to b e c o m e heirs to the tradition of the nobility, since there was no other, but if this tradition was mainly o n e of faults, errors, and indolence, it would be difficult to maintain any longer the complete discordance between a patriotic history p r i m e r for the people and the critical, even masochistic consciousness of the intelligentsia.
National Character and National Ideology in Interwar Eastern Europe by Ivo Banac, Katherine Verdery