By Philip Kivell

ISBN-10: 0203307119

ISBN-13: 9780203307113

ISBN-10: 0415087821

ISBN-13: 9780415087827

Within the swiftly altering sphere of city improvement, land is proven to supply the fundamental morphological constitution of town, but in addition the resource of financial and social energy and the foremost to making plans via examples from worldwide

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Extra resources for Land and the City: Patterns and Processes of Urban Change

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In the UK a form of zoning is applied to land use patterns in local plans, whereby some attempt is made to keep non-conforming uses separate. Thus industry will normally be removed from, or prevented from developing in areas designated for residential development. In the USA it seems that land use zoning is at least largely about protecting individual property rights and reducing investment uncertainty by transferring some of the risk to the community. An example of this is cited by Fischel (1985) who claims that the antipathy of wealthy suburbanites to low income housing is not based upon aesthetics or the physical nature of the land use, but upon social status and especially a fear of crime.

It is relatively easy to list shortcomings of the market in this fashion, but it is important also to pose the question of whether alternative systems are better at allocating urban land. Marxist criticisms Notions of rent, capital and land ownership were central to the writings of Karl Marx, and although he was working in a broadly agricultural setting, a number of writers have subsequently extended his ideas into the urban context. Clearly, some caution is necessary here, for whereas agricultural land is an independent production unit, where rent is set according to the plot’s own characteristics, land in the city has its usefulness and rent largely determined by its linkages with, and access to, other land, buildings and urban facilities.

For a detailed survey however it is desirable to consider individual properties (Coppock 1978); or curtilages including the land attached to buildings (Dickenson and Shaw 1977). Even within individual curtilages there may be several land uses. e. that use upon which all others depend for their existence. Classification schemes To allow order or patterns to be recognised, a system of classification is needed. Not surprisingly, no ideal system of land use classifications exists and it is unlikely that one could ever be devised.

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Land and the City: Patterns and Processes of Urban Change by Philip Kivell

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