By Nevenko Bartulin
Among 1941 and 1945, in a single of the extra curious episodes of racial politics in the course of the moment international struggle, a small variety of Jews have been granted the rights of Aryan voters within the self sustaining country of Croatia through the pro-Nazi Utasha regime. This research seeks to provide an explanation for how those exemptions from Ustasha racial legislation got here to be, and particularly how they have been justified by means of the race conception of the time. writer Nevenko Bartulin explores those questions in the broader histories of anti-Semitism, nationalism, and race in Croatia within the past due 19th and early 20th century, tracing Croatian Jews' afflicted trip from "Croats of the Mosaic faith" prior to international warfare II to their eventual rejection as racial extraterrestrial beings by way of the Utasha circulate.
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Among 1941 and 1945, in a single of the extra curious episodes of racial politics in the course of the moment global conflict, a small variety of Jews have been granted the rights of Aryan voters within the autonomous kingdom of Croatia by means of the pro-Nazi Utasha regime. This learn seeks to provide an explanation for how those exemptions from Ustasha racial legislation got here to be, and specifically how they have been justified by means of the race concept of the time.
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Additional resources for Honorary Aryans: National–Racial Identity and Protected Jews in the Independent State of Croatia
87 Mario Strecha, ‘ “Sve za vjeru i domovinu”: Idejna strujanja u katolicizmu u banskoj Hrvatskoj potkraj XIX stoljeća’, Croatica Christiana Periodica, 20, No. 38 (1996): 104. 88 ibid, 3–4. 89 Mario Strecha, ‘Od katoličkog hrvatstva do katoličkog pravaštva’, Radovi – zavod za hrvatsku povijest, 34–36, No. 1 (2004): 101–133. 90 Gross, Izvorno pravaštvo, 781. 91 For more on this topic see Nevenko Bartulin, ‘From Independence to Trialism: The Croatian Party of Right and the Project for a Liberal “Greater Croatia” within the Habsburg Empire, 1861–1914’, in Liberal Imperialism in Europe, ed.
The distinction between language and race was highly significant for Croat anti-Yugoslavist intellectuals who aimed to prove Croatian national individuality. The leading anti-Yugoslavist intellectual of the interwar period was the Croat geographer and geopolitical theorist Filip Lukas (1871–1958), who served as president of Croatia’s oldest cultural institution, Matica Hrvatska (‘The Croatian Matrix’) from 1928 to 1945.
The question of Jewish assimilation and Jewish participation in political life was a question of upmost importance for European political and cultural elites (particularly in East-Central Europe) seeking to define the identities and boundaries of the nation in the age of nationality. The position of Jews in these discourses on nationhood depended on the type of nationalism in question; in other words, whether it had a civic, ethnic/racial or clerical/religious foundation. 78 One should not overlook the fact that European Jews, particularly in East-Central Europe, were also affected by the age of romantic nationalism.
Honorary Aryans: National–Racial Identity and Protected Jews in the Independent State of Croatia by Nevenko Bartulin