By D.L Raby

ISBN-10: 0745324355

ISBN-13: 9780745324357

ISBN-10: 0745324363

ISBN-13: 9780745324364

Is socialism lifeless because the fall of the Soviet Union? what's the future of the Left? Raby argues that Cuba and specifically Venezuela supply proposal for anti-globalisation and anti-capitalist events the world over. one other international is feasible, yet basically via an efficient political technique to win strength on a favored and democratic foundation. Raby argues passionately that the future of progressives isn't the dogmatic formulae of the previous Left, nor within the spontaneous autonomism of John Holloway or Tony Negri. as a substitute, it really is to be present in new, huge and versatile renowned hobbies with daring and decided management. reading the connection of key leaders to their humans, together with Hugo Ch?vez and the Sandinistas in Nicaragua, Raby exhibits that it truly is extra beneficial than ever to take energy, peacefully the place attainable, yet in all circumstances with the power that comes from renowned cohesion sponsored by means of strength the place valuable. during this means it's attainable to construct democratic strength, which can or will not be socialist reckoning on one’s definition, yet which symbolize the true anti-capitalist substitute for the twenty-first century.

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But in more complex societies where divisions of class and interest are real – and even in a relatively classless society when major issues of national policy are at stake – alternative policies such as are presented in liberal systems by rival political parties are bound to arise. It is not impossible for such debates to take place in a one-party or a non-party system, but as appears to be the case in the Cuban National Assembly, the pressure for consensus tends to stifle or at least mute the expression of differences.

For this very reason the threat to the welfare state posed by neoliberalism is the most important factor tending to undermine the legitimacy of the liberal system in recent times. In Eastern Europe and the Third World, the siren song of liberalism will continue to exert an attraction wherever arbitrary regimes hold sway, leading to so-called ‘democratic transitions’ in yet more countries. Of course, such transitions will only take place if the previous regime is already beginning to break down under either internal or external pressures or a combination of the two, and it is no accident that many such transitions have taken place due to massive Western pressure or direct intervention.

A classic of the genre, Linz and Stepan’s Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, provided a summary of what they saw as the necessary conditions for the liberal system to flourish. They identified ‘five interacting arenas’ of democratic consolidation: first, the development of a ‘free and lively civil society’; second, a ‘relatively autonomous and valued political society’; third, the rule of law; fourth, an effective state bureaucracy which is usable by democratic governments; and finally, an ‘economic society’ which protects property rights and allows markets to function with a degree of public regulation (Linz and Stepan 1996, 7).

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Democracy and Revolution: Latin America and Socialism Today by D.L Raby

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