By Despo Kritsotaki, Vicky Long, Visit Amazon's Matthew Smith Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Matthew Smith,
The ebook relates the historical past of post-war psychiatry, targeting deinstitutionalisation, particularly the shift from asylum to group within the moment a part of the 20 th century.
After the second one international warfare, psychiatry and psychological healthiness care have been reshaped through deinstitutionalisation. yet what precisely was once interested in this strategy? What have been the origins of deinstitutionalisation and what did it suggest to those that skilled it? What have been the ramifications, either confident and adverse, of one of these basic shift in psychiatric care? Post-War Psychiatry within the Western international: Deinstitutionalisation and After seeks to respond to those questions by means of exploring this momentous switch in psychological healthiness care from 1945 to the current in a variety of geographical settings. The publication articulates a nuanced account of the historical past of deinstitutionalisation, highlighting the restrictions and inconsistencies inherent in treating the mentally ailing open air of the asylum, whereas looking to tell present debates approximately how one can aid the main susceptible individuals of society.
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Additional info for Deinstitutionalisation and After: Post-War Psychiatry in the Western World
INTRODUCTION: DEINSTITUTIONALISATION AND THE PATHWAYS... 23 developments in mental health, the place where deinstitutionalisation got its start was the United States. 83 Asylum populations continued to grow during the first decade following the end of the Second World War, rising from nearly 500,000 in 1946 to 559,000 in 1955. This was despite the emergence of a host of therapies, ranging from lobotomies and the first antipsychotic drugs to psychotherapy and therapeutic communities, believed to be capable of helping the mentally ill return to their homes.
Paulson (2012) Closing the Asylums: Causes and Consequences of the Deinstitutionalization Movement (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company), especially ch. 2. J. edu © The Author(s) 2016 D. Kritsotaki et al. 1007/978-3-319-45360-6_2 39 40 J. 2 An essential background factor, shared worldwide, was the shift from a producer culture to a consumer culture. That shift was specific for shaping the ways in which European peoples changed how they handled their mentally ill fellow citizens in the second half of the twentieth century.
Similarly, the notion that mental illness may be prevented seems just as elusive as it was in 1945, but if as much resource and energy was dedicated to identifying and eliminating the causes of mental illness as is invested in the development of new psychiatric drugs, perhaps prophylactic strategies would not be quite the mirage they are often described to be. 134 We hope that, like many of the authors in this volume, they not only describe what has happened in the field of mental health, but also take the steps to inform debates about how policy and practice might improve in future.
Deinstitutionalisation and After: Post-War Psychiatry in the Western World by Despo Kritsotaki, Vicky Long, Visit Amazon's Matthew Smith Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Matthew Smith,