By Mary Nash

ISBN-10: 0912869151

ISBN-13: 9780912869155

Defying Male Civilization examines women's function and stories within the Spanish Civil struggle (1936-1939). It addresses the numerous contributions made through nameless ladies on the homefront in addition to the heroic accomplishments of girl political leaders and girls who fought on the conflict fronts.

When the warfare erupted, women's lives have been dramatically reworked. Amid the cruel stipulations of struggle, ladies equipped themselves on an enormous scale to struggle opposed to fascism, released antifascist journals and newspapers, took up palms, and supplied providers to aid others survive.

For many girls, being actively concerned with one of these fight used to be a releasing adventure after having been remoted from political and public existence. As they won self assurance of their personal services, those girls started wondering their conventional position in society and the constraints that were imposed on them due to their gender.

Based on Dr. Nash's wide examine and her interviews with girls activists from the Spanish Civil warfare, Defying Male Civilization assesses the importance of women's involvement within the antifascist fight opposed to Franco. It introduces readers to the complicated truth of battle and revolution from a gender standpoint, focusing not just on women's heroic achievements yet at the boundaries of switch.

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14 But at. a local leadership I vel, an analysis of a series of committees in this same regIOn. 1 5 More significant, ~owever, IS. ence of ommunist women in the provincial and natIOnal commIttees, whlc~, gIven the hi erarchical nature of the organization and the strict control exercIsed by the national and provincial committees, were highly influential orga~s Of. power. 16 Loc al groups did not have autonomy. They followed policy ~lfectlOns and 'delines from' above and were also obliged to send regular detailed reports on UJ , 17 their activities, members, and agenda to their superior commIttees.

The adoption of male clothing undoubtedly minimized sex differences and could be read as a claim for equal status. However, the women who wore blue overalls were few. They were usually identified with lhl' militia and did not represent a sigruficant sector of the female population. Quite th ' contrary, the majority of working-class women quickly rejected the miliciana in her mono and opted for a more traditional style of clothing perceived as being more feminine and respectable. In Barcelona, overall-clad women were a small minority.

These organizations embodied the class polarization and increasing political divisions of society and were characterized by their heterogeneity and ti ght links to existing political forces. But no universal goals emerged on a gender basis, and the ever-widening rift among political contenders was reflected in the factions among the women's organizations. Anarchist and dissident Marxist proposals for a combined antifascist and revolutionary fight were sharply contested by communists and socialists who rejected any revolutionary changes and defined war politics exclusively in terms of antifascism.

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Defying Male Civilization by Mary Nash


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