By Alfred Stepan, Juan J. Linz, Yogendra Yadav
Political knowledge holds that the political limitations of a kingdom unavoidably coincide with a nation's perceived cultural barriers. this day, the sociocultural variety of many polities renders this realizing out of date. This quantity offers the framework for the state-nation, a brand new paradigm that addresses the necessity inside democratic international locations to deal with designated ethnic and cultural teams inside of a rustic whereas conserving nationwide political coherence.
First brought in brief in 1996 by way of Alfred Stepan and Juan J. Linz, the state-nation is a rustic with major multicultural—even multinational—components that engenders robust id and loyalty from its voters. the following, Indian political student Yogendra Yadav joins Stepan and Linz to stipulate and improve the concept that extra. The middle of the publication records how state-nation guidelines have helped craft a number of yet complementary identities in India not like geographical region guidelines in Sri Lanka, which contributed to polarized and warring identities. The authors help their argument with the result of many of the biggest and most unusual surveys ever designed and hired for comparative political study. They contain a bankruptcy discussing why the U.S. constitutional version, usually noticeable because the most well-liked template for all of the world’s federations, could were rather irrelevant for crafting democracy in politically strong multinational nations equivalent to India or Spain. To extend the repertoire of ways even unitary states can reply to territorially centred minorities with a few secessionist wishes, the authors boost a revised idea of federacy and express how the sort of formulation helped craft the hot peace contract in Aceh, Indonesia.
Empirically thorough and conceptually transparent, Crafting State-Nations could have a considerable impression at the examine of comparative political associations and the belief and knowing of nationalism and democracy.
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Additional resources for Crafting State-Nations: India and Other Multinational Democracies
We think it urgent to underscore the necessity for some form of basic loyalty to the institutions of the state, some form of symbolic attachment to it and identiﬁcation with it, some form of ‘‘we-feeling’’ even though it makes the project of demonstrating the utility of statenations more difﬁcult. That said, we need to keep in mind the fact that the concept of state-nation, like that of the nation-state, is an ideal type that only imperfectly corresponds to any given empirical case. We also need to keep in mind the ﬂuidity of empirical reality—that is, that cases that once ﬁt closer to the model of the nation-state can and have evolved into something closer to state-nations (witness Spain and the UK) and vice versa (witness Austria).
Unity in diversity. Institutions: Territorial division of power Unitary states or symmetrical federations. Federal system. Often de jure or de facto asymmetrical. Can even be a unitary state if aggressive nation-state policies are not pursued and de facto state multilingual areas are accepted. Federacies possible. Not very salient. Salient and recognized and democratically managed. ’’ Secessionist parties are outlawed or marginalized in democratic electoral politics. Autonomist parties can govern in federal units and are ‘‘coalitionable’’ at the center.
State policy: Cultural policies Homogenizing attempts to foster one core cultural identity, particularly one ofﬁcial language; non-recognition of multiplicity of cultures. Unity in oneness. Recognition and support of more than one cultural identity (particularly recognition of more than one ofﬁcial language), even more than one cultural nation, all within a frame of some common polity-wide symbols. Unity in diversity. Institutions: Territorial division of power Unitary states or symmetrical federations.
Crafting State-Nations: India and Other Multinational Democracies by Alfred Stepan, Juan J. Linz, Yogendra Yadav