By Steven E. Harris
This attention-grabbing and deeply researched publication examines how, starting below Khrushchev in 1953, a iteration of Soviet voters moved from the overcrowded communal dwellings of the Stalin period to trendy single-family flats, later dubbed khrushchevka. Arguing that relocating to a separate residence allowed traditional city dwellers to adventure Khrushchev’s thaw, Steven E. Harris essentially shifts interpretation of the thaw, conventionally understood as an elite phenomenon.
Harris makes a speciality of the various individuals wanting to take advantage of and impression the hot lifestyle embodied by way of the khrushchevka, its furnishings, and its linked buyer items. He examines actions of nationwide and native politicians, planners, company managers, employees, furnishings designers and designers, elite corporations (centrally occupied with growing cooperative housing), and usual city dwellers. Communism on day after today highway additionally demonstrates the connection of Soviet mass housing and concrete making plans to foreign efforts at resolving the «housing query» that were studied because the 19th century and resulted in housing advancements in Western Europe, the us, and Latin the USA in addition to the USSR.
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Additional resources for Communism on Tomorrow Street: Mass Housing and Everyday Life after Stalin
Its public portion was accessed through its main entrance and its adjoining foyer, which served as a transitional buffer space announcing the intimate sphere, which began with a small corridor, off which were located two bedrooms and a combined bathroom and toilet:6' The division of domestic space into public and private spaces was upheld as late as 1954 in the collection Interior of a Residential House. "62 This arrangement required two separate plumbing systems, a luxury that would not survive Khrushchev's mass housing campaign.
Beyond housing construction, states presided over the creation of institutions and initiatives that brought together government bureaucracies, employers, labor organizations, and urban planning experts. ° In France, the government sought to coordinate public and private efforts in urban planning soon after the war by creating the Commission superieure d'amenagement, d'embellissement et d'extension des villes (High Commission for the Planning, Beautification, and Growth of Cities) in 1919. Members of this government commission included urban specialists drawn from private associations geared toward resolving public problems such as the Societe francaise des architectesurbanistes (French Society of Architects and Urban Planners) and the Conseil superieur des beaux arts (High Council of the Fine Arts).
To be sure, the Bolsheviks sought to go beyond these goals by building new housing for the new society of the communist future. " Far from being "weak," the Bolshevik approach sanctioned an infinite expansion of state responsibilities from fixing the problems of today to building the housing of tomorrow. Allocating housing was one of the most important of these responsibilities and, as I argue in this chapter and the next, it would shape in unexpected ways the design of mass housing under Khrushchev.
Communism on Tomorrow Street: Mass Housing and Everyday Life after Stalin by Steven E. Harris