By Roman Szporluk
During this hugely unique examine, Szporluk examines the connection among the 2 dominant ideologies of the nineteenth century--communism and nationalism--and their enduring legacy within the twentieth century. Szporluk argues that either Karl Marx's thought of communism and Friedrich List's idea of nationalism arose based on the sweeping adjustments led to through the economic Revolution, and that either sought to advertise industrialization as a method of reforming the fashionable international. every one ideology, the writer contends, constructed on the subject of the opposite and will top be understood because the made of a fancy interweaving of the 2, generating within the twentieth century new sorts of nationalism that experience integrated Marxism into the cloth in their circulation and Marxist states that experience followed threads of nationalistic belief.
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Additional resources for Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx Versus Friedrich List
He did not envisage the proletariat succumbing to nationalistic temptations proffered by the bourgeoisie. The "List Critique" mentioned no such possibility. On the contrary, it contained the following categorical declaration: The nationality of the worker is neither French, nor English, nor German, it is labour, free slavery, self-huckstering. His government is neither French, nor English, nor German, it is capital. His native air is neither French, nor German, nor English, it is factory air.
The "awareness of the death of the bourgeoisie has already penetrated the consciousness even of the German bourgeois," Marx claimed. "1 As we have observed, Marx was aware of the backwardness of Germany in relation to the West. He thought that such backwardness revealed itself in the poverty of political aspirations and intellectual outlook of the German bourgeoisie. Let us note at the outset that there is not the slightest hint anywhere in the "List Critique" that a "national bourgeoisie," because it fought for capitalism in a backward country still dominated by feudalism, might therefore be progressive and thus deserving of support on the part of Communists.
Its future cannot be restricted either to the direct negation of its real juridical and political circumstances, or to the direct realization of its ideal juridical and political circumstances. The direct negation of its real circumstances already exists in its ideal circumstances, while it has almost outlived the realization of its ideal circumstances in the contemplation of neighboring nations. It is with good reason, therefore, that the practical political party in Germany demands the negation of philosophy.
Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx Versus Friedrich List by Roman Szporluk