By Ulf Paul Breuer
This ebook is predicated on lectures held on the college of mechanical engineering on the Technical collage of Kaiserslautern. the point of interest is at the vital topic of societies total plane necessities to precise fabric requisites and highlights crucial benefits and demanding situations of carbon fiber strengthened plastics (CFRP) in comparison to traditional fabrics. because it is key to settle on the appropriate fabric on the correct position early at the major actions and milestones of the improvement and certification strategy and the systematic of defining transparent requisites are mentioned. the method of fabric qualification - verifying fabric requisites is defined intimately. All cutting-edge composite production applied sciences are defined, together with alterations and complemented through examples, and their development power for destiny purposes is mentioned. Tangible case experiences of excessive raise and wing buildings emphasize the explicit benefits and demanding situations of composite know-how. eventually, most recent R&D effects are mentioned, delivering attainable destiny suggestions for key demanding situations equivalent to not pricey excessive functionality fabrics, electric functionality integration and morphing structures.
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Extra info for Commercial Aircraft Composite Technology
Damage tolerance” means the capability of a damaged structure to sustain the loads until the damage is detected and repaired during a scheduled inspection (or if the damage leads to a non-critical loss of a function). The damage tolerance requirements were revised following in-service incidents. A famous incident in 1954 was the explosive fuselage decompression of the De Havilland Comet 1 (DH 106-1, G-ALYP) on the 10th of January after only 1286 pressurised flights and less than 2 years of service, and the disintegration of a second Comet 1 on the 8th of April in the same year.
Weight and cost targets are defined on aircraft as well as on component and sub component level, down to individual parts. Material requirements can already be defined on component level, too, as the choice of material has a high impact on total aircraft cost as well as on development and production effort. Components can be divided into sub components. Typical sub components for the fuselage are the passenger floor, the cargo floor, the belly fairing etc. . The requirement cascade continues with specifications for individual parts or systems.
S. air carriers operating as scheduled service airlines have more than 17 million flight hours with more than 7 billion miles flown in approx. 9500 departures with no fatalities at all during the year 2010 . 16 rail tram 0 cars bus Fig. 017; this is equivalent to 1 killed passenger for approx. 6 Mio departures. Even though these statistics impressively demonstrate the extremely high level of safety that has already been reached by modern aircraft design and air traffic control, engineers have to accept the demand for even higher safety.
Commercial Aircraft Composite Technology by Ulf Paul Breuer