By Gianfranco Minati

ISBN-10: 0387355413

ISBN-13: 9780387355412

ISBN-10: 0387359419

ISBN-13: 9780387359410

With collective behaviors enjoying a basic function in lots of medical and technical disciplines, COLLECTIVE BEINGS focuses its consciousness on socio-economic functions for use, for instance, to extend company profitability and productiveness. To this finish, the booklet presents the reader with deep insights into glossy conceptual instruments of financial system in keeping with systemics.

In the publication, collective behaviors are proven through structures composed of person elements or brokers. additionally, COLLECTIVE BEINGS illuminates the interaction among system and individual in a notable new approach: their collective beings provide upward push to structures having rather assorted habit, particularly that of the gang and that of the person agent. The authors regularly take some of the points under consideration - for example, the parts of 1 procedure will be concurrently the elements of one other process in addition. They tension the significance of cognitive versions utilized by the interacting brokers, of the function of the observer and of the dynamic use of many cognitive versions. the concept that of being digital in contradistinction to being genuine is tested, and the position of moral agreements is underlined, in addition to a cautious dialogue of other thoughts of ethics in addition to their relation to caliber. Systemics is seen as a cultural framework crossing disciplines and the ultimate result's a booklet coined through a profound humanitarian angle, within which the authors nation that regularly 'technological recommendations are designed for difficulties instead of for individuals having those problems.'

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The most significant contribution of the systemic approach is its ability to demonstrate that a strategy based only on the identification and study of the behavior of single, isolated components is ineffective and unsuitable for problems carrying the complexity of emergent processes and systems. At one level, this approach, in systems engineering, is based upon using, designing and controlling input-output and feedback-controlled devices as considered by System Dynamics (Forrester, 1968). In other words, societies, corporations, biological systems, the human mind and even a magnet or a superconductor can not be studied as if they were made up of individual component parts such as: pendula, levers and bolts.

Kluwer, New York. Flood, R. , and Jackson, M. ), 1991, Critical Systems Thinking: Directed readings. Wiley, Chichester, UK. Forrester, J. , 1961, Industrial Dynamics. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. Forrester, J. , 1968, Principles of Systems. Wright-Allen Press, Cambridge, MA.

Consider the following example. In the triangle ABC A M B M C it is possible to identify on AB a point corresponding to any point of the segment BC. This does not mean that they have the same length, even 18 Chapter 1 though they have same number of points. Actually, the same may be done with another triangle having BC in common where AB has a different length. The length has nothing to do with the number of points. It makes no sense to refer to the number of points, but to the power of a set. A set is a finite or infinite collection of objects in which order has no significance, and multiplicity is also generally ignored (unlike a Hst or multiset).

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Collective Beings by Gianfranco Minati


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