By Crowson R.A.

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Example text

69 In New Spain, some pastel was sold for testing in 1539. 70 Similarly, the production of balsam had required the transfer of knowledge from Catalina de Ayahibex and her family to the Spaniards and the testing of the product in different areas (Santo Domingo and Spain). , the search for new commodities). In the alliance of private and state commercial interests, natural entities became the object of empirical observations and testing that took place outside the traditional venues of guilds, universities, and humanist circles.

Juana, Ferdinand and Isabel’s daughter, had inherited the crown of Castile from Isabel; but after her husband Philip I’s death, she had become mad and incompetent to govern. Soon after arriving in Spain, Ferdinand reorganized the administration of Castile’s holdings in the Indies. 33 The office of the chief pilot was established after King Ferdinand called to court the pilots Juan Díaz de Solís (ca. 1470 –1516), Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, Juan de la Cosa (d. ) The king stated the situation in these terms: It has come to our knowledge and it is known from experience that pilots are neither as expert nor as trained as they should be to steer and govern the ships under their command in their voyages to the Indies, islands, and Tierra Firme of the Ocean Sea.

69 In New Spain, some pastel was sold for testing in 1539. 70 Similarly, the production of balsam had required the transfer of knowledge from Catalina de Ayahibex and her family to the Spaniards and the testing of the product in different areas (Santo Domingo and Spain). , the search for new commodities). In the alliance of private and state commercial interests, natural entities became the object of empirical observations and testing that took place outside the traditional venues of guilds, universities, and humanist circles.

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Classification and biology by Crowson R.A.


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