By John F. Copper
This three-volume paintings is the 1st accomplished examine of China's overseas reduction and funding international relations to track its evolution because the founding of PRC in 1949. quantity I examines the definitions, origins, nature, and scope of China's international relief and funding and indicates that China has a extra salient historical past of giving than the other country.
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Extra info for China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume I: Nature, Scope, and Origins
Changes in aid giving also reflected domestic ideological and policy reforms that were made during the early Deng era. 137 Private property replaced collectives and the state’s control of land in China diminished. 138 Mobilizing workers through moral incentives was ended in favor of material incentives; so too the incessant use of slogans, campaigns, and movements was abandoned in favor of merit pay increases. 139 This became the basis for new aid policies. Henceforth Chinese officials spoke less of self-reliance to recipients when giving foreign assistance.
It did so; but it did not get out of the aid business. Chinese leaders explained its new aid policies this way: Foreign aid “cannot be sustained . . ”126 China also promised support to Third World countries in matters other than financial. This may be seen simply as China’s rationalization for giving less aid. But it was more than that. One scholar/author describes the situation as China ending Mao’s “conceptual pillars”: self-reliance, minimizing dependency, and transforming the capitalist world economy.
The media reported at this time that China had provided economic and technical aid to more than 120 countries and 30 international and regional organizations and helped recipient nations with 2,100 projects. Further, according to the Chinese media, by 2010 China had given scholarships to 70,000 students and supported training to 12,000 individuals in 150 disciplines. China also signed debt-free agreements with 50 countries, cancelled a total of 380 cases of debt, and carried out 200 emergency relief operations.
China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume I: Nature, Scope, and Origins by John F. Copper