By Susan L. Shirk
As soon as a snoozing big, China this day is the world's quickest starting to be economy--the top producer of cellphones, computer pcs, and electronic cameras--a dramatic turn-around that alarms many Westerners. yet in China: the delicate Superpower, Susan L. Shirk opens up the black field of chinese language politics and unearths that the true threat lies elsewhere--not in China's stunning development, yet within the deep lack of confidence of its leaders. China's leaders face a troubling paradox: the extra built and filthy rich the rustic turns into, the extra insecure and threatened they feel.
Shirk, a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of nation liable for China, is familiar with lots of present day chinese language rulers in my opinion and has studied them for 3 a long time. She deals valuable perception into how they think--and what they worry. during this revealing booklet, readers see the area in the course of the eyes of guys like President Hu Jintao and previous President Jiang Zemin. we find a delicate communist regime eager to live on in a society grew to become the other way up by way of marvelous fiscal progress and a beautiful new openness to the larger international. certainly, ever because the 1989 pro-democracy protests in Tiananmen sq. and the autumn of communism within the Soviet Union, chinese language leaders were haunted by means of the phobia that their days in energy are numbered. Theirs is a regime frightened of its personal electorate, and this worry motivates a lot of their judgements while facing the U.S. and different international countries. particularly, the fervent nationalism of the chinese language humans, mixed with their passionate resentment of Japan and attachment to Taiwan, have made family with those areas a minefield. it's right here, Shirk concludes, within the tangled interactions among Japan, Taiwan, China, and the us, that the best possibility lies.
Shirk argues that emerging powers comparable to China are inclined to impress wars largely simply because different nations mishandle them. except we comprehend China's brittle inner politics and the fears that inspire its leaders, we are facing the very genuine threat of avoidable clash with China. This booklet presents that knowing.
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Additional info for China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise
80 Within cities, the “iron rice bowl” of permanent employment in state enterprises has been shattered. Previously, the government assigned people to jobs that they held until retirement whether they liked them or not. Workers lived together in factory housing under the watchful eye of Party members. 82 Beginning in the mid-1990s, the government stopped propping up many of the state factories that couldn’t withstand market competition and let them go out of business. 85 Millions more new workers enter the workforce every year searching for jobs.
Unlike Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand, China has plentiful natural resources and an ample supply of low-cost educated labor. Almost half of its workers are still in agriculture. As wages rise in the coastal cities where most of the foreign-owned and export-oriented factories are located, companies can move a few hundred miles inland to find good workers willing to work for less. In a country slightly larger than the United States, companies can keep this up for a long time. Chinese savings rates—among the highest in the world at approximately 40 percent—may come down and reduce some of the investment that has been pumping into economic growth.
How Long Can It Last? Market reform and opening to the world sent China into a steep economic takeoff. The 1982 Chinese government goal of quadrupling the economy by 2002—which sounded ludicrously overambitious at the time—was met two years ahead of schedule. 5 percent (or approximately 10 percent by the latest estimates), and even more remarkable, China’s per 20 china: fragile superpower capita GDP grew at 8 percent per year (population growth slowed as the economy grew). Per capita growth rates above 6 percent are very rare in economic history.
China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise by Susan L. Shirk