By Paul P. Kolodziejczyk, Fereidoon Shahidi (auth.), Fereidoon Shahidi, Paul Kolodziejczyk, John R. Whitaker, Agustin Lopez Munguia, Glenn Fuller (eds.)
Food and uncooked fabric for its creation was once typically produced through the normal agriculture. nevertheless, novel chemical substances have been synthetic within the laboratory or extracted from plant and animal resources. even though, because the global inhabitants is gradually in creasing, there's a reduce in conventional agriculture productiveness and matters also are expressed over the wear inflicted to the surroundings and regulations that may be en compelled in foodstuff construction. whilst, there's an expanding call for for prime qual ity agricultural items in addition to for nutrition elements relating to either the conventional or newly stumbled on nutrition or phytochemicals. tendencies and developments,~n the realm of plant biotechnology and bioengineering has allowed manipulation of genes' !lnd/or insertion of recent genes, hence creation of trans genic crops. ranging from the creation of agronomic qualities, quite pressure resis tance to different environmental elements, strategy and sensory features, foodstuff caliber and construction of novel sorts of plant-based items via genetic engineering, biotechnology is altering the,;agriculture and the idea that of construction of plant-ba~~d uncooked fabrics. expanding cognizance is being paid on examine for creation of crops !pat supplies a wide range of nutrients and non-food items. maybe the 1st non-food pro,d uct that plant biotechnology may in achieving is construction of huge scale custom-designed commercial oils, however the record of chemical substances is lengthy, ranging" from oils and particular triacyl glycerols to biopolymers, enzymes, blood parts, amo~g others.
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This process is used for two reasons. Firstly, to alter oxidatively unstable fatty acids such as linolenic acid and secondly to produce solid fats, ie margarines and other spreads, from liquid oils. A by-product of the hydrogenation process is the formation of a significant number of trans-double bonds in the fatty acids of the vegetable oil. Although this has been known for many years, it is only relatively recently that medical evidence has begun to accumulate about the possible adverse consequences of high levels of trans- fatty acids in the human diet.
Dehesh, K. Molecular and biochemical analysis of medium-chain lipid biosynthesis. Abstract 100. 5th Int. Congr. of Plant Mol. , 21-27 September 1997; Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997. Kinney, A. J. Genetic engineering of fatty acid metabolism in soybeans. Abstract 99. 5th Int. Congr. of Plant Mol. BioI.. 21-27 September 1997; Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1997. Knutzon, D. ; Thompson, G. ; Radke, S. ; Johnson, W. ; Knauf, Y. ; Kridl, J. C. Modification of Brassica seed oil by antisense expression of a stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase gene.
Feldmann, K. ; Browse, 1. Cloning of higher plant 0-3 fatty acid desaturases. Plant Physiol 1993,103,467-476. Zhang. ; Kensler, T. ; Cho, C. ; Posner, G. ; Talalay, P. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 199491,3147-3150. 4 BIOSYNTHESIS OF RICINOLEATE IN CASTOR OIL Thomas A. McKeon, Jiann-Tsyh Lin, and Allan E. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Albany, California 94710 ABSTRACT Castor oil is 90% ricinoleate (12-hydroxyoleate) and has numerous industrial uses. ) pose serious problems to processors. Other researchers have cloned the gene for the oleoyl hydroxylase, but transgenic plants produce only about 20% hydroxy fatty acid.
Chemicals Via Higher Plant Bioengineering by Paul P. Kolodziejczyk, Fereidoon Shahidi (auth.), Fereidoon Shahidi, Paul Kolodziejczyk, John R. Whitaker, Agustin Lopez Munguia, Glenn Fuller (eds.)