By Edward M. Spiers (auth.)
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Additional info for Chemical and Biological Weapons: A Study of Proliferation
Even their power projection capabilities seem likely to remain restricted in the near term, probably with ranges of less than 1,000 kilometres until the mid-1990s or later. l'P These predictions mayor may not prove accurate, but they testify to the inherently dynamic nature of the phenomenon. Currently developing states , armed with ballistic missiles, possess the means to threaten their neighbours or other states in their region . Within a decade or so, some may possess a much greater power projection capability (not merely in range, but also in numbers of missiles, possibly less inaccurate and with countermeasures to confuse terminal defences).
US officials maintain that they have exercised discrimination in identifying states bent upon proliferation. Kenneth Adelman , when Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, stated that in referring to proliferation within the Third World, he was alluding to states that had purchased, not produced, chemical weapons. He dismissed suggestions that the Reagan administration was merely 'talking about experimental possession, research possession'. He asserted that the stockpiles in question were sufficiently large to prove militarily useful to the possessing country and could 'cause a great deal of damage to the other side'.
Proliferation: Scope and Implications 35 These allegations, though unconfirmed, were by no means implausible. 72In September 1988, the Reagan administration stated that it had intercepts of Iraqi military communications, indicating the use of poison gas against Kurdish guerillas, and requested an investigation by the United Nations. When the UN Secretary-General, Javier Perez de Cuellar, sought the permission of the host countries to investigate, it was promptly denied by both Iraq and Turkey. P The allegations of chemical attacks in Iraqi Kurdistan none the 'Iess remained eminently credible, especially as they were apparently corroborated by the chemical compounds found in soil samples from northern Iraq .
Chemical and Biological Weapons: A Study of Proliferation by Edward M. Spiers (auth.)