By Marcelo J. Borges
Why did migrants from southern Portugal decide upon Argentina rather than following the conventional route to Brazil? beginning with this query, this e-book explores how, on the flip of the 20 th century, rural Europeans built designated circuits of transatlantic exertions migration associated with diversified immigrant groups within the Americas. It seems at transoceanic strikes within the better context of migration structures, studying their connections and the an important function of social networks in migrants' geographic mobility and model. Combining local and native views on each side of the Atlantic, Chains of Gold presents a brilliant account of the trajectories of migrant women and men as they moved from rural Portugal to contrasting locations of cost within the Argentine pampas and Patagonia.
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Additional info for Chains of Gold: Portuguese Migration to Argentina in Transatlantic Perspective (Studies in Global Social History)
The fragmentation of rural property, which was divided in small plots scattered throughout the countryside, and the limits imposed by the available terrain, led Algarvian farmers to look for complementary activities. In addition to working on their 1 Léon Poinsard, “Le Portugal inconnu,” La Science sociale, Ser. 2, fasc. –Apr. , 1935). 2 Philippe Périer, “Le Play and his Followers: Over a Century of Achievement,” International Social Science Journal 50, 157 (Sept. 1998): 343–8; Bernard Kalaora and Antonie Savoye, Les inventeurs oubliés: Le Play et ses continuateurs aux origines des sciences sociales (Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1989); Bernard Kalaora, “Paul Descamps ou la sociologie leplaysienne à l’épreuve du Portugal de Salazar,” Gradhiva 6 (Summer 1989): 5–64.
30 Weinholtz, Memória, 43 and passim; Poinsard, “Le Portugal,” 133, 140; Descamps, Le Portugal, 170, 177; Feio, Le Bas Alentejo et l’Algarve, 98 and passim; Ferro, L’Algarve, 178, 136, and passim; Cavaco, O Algarve oriental, passim; Bastos, Os montes, chap. 7. There were, however, a few exceptions to this general rule: Descamps mentions the existence of transmission of property to a preferred heir among the small farmers of Vila Real de Santo António with compensation to the other siblings (p. 178).
Migration was firmly rooted in the local ground. More than a national phenomenon, the move of tens of thousands of Portuguese migrants to Argentina originated in and achieved full meaning at the level of the aldeia (village). Transatlantic migration was a labor strategy that emerged at the local level as part of broader strategies of family reproduction and with an eye on household economies. Yet to comprehend fully the developments of circuits of geographic mobility, migrants’ objectives, and the consequences of migration for them and their home communities, it is necessary to consider local patterns within larger contexts.
Chains of Gold: Portuguese Migration to Argentina in Transatlantic Perspective (Studies in Global Social History) by Marcelo J. Borges