By John Shand

ISBN-10: 1405162708

ISBN-13: 9781405162708

Comprising 20 free-standing chapters written by means of experts of their respective fields, relevant problems with Philosophy offers beginner readers with the best available advent to all of philosophy's middle issues.An available creation to the crucial problems with philosophyOrganized round key philosophical concerns - starting from fact, wisdom and truth to unfastened will, ethics and the life of GodProvides starting scholars with the knowledge and talents to delve deeper into philosophical fields of studyEach bankruptcy is written through an skilled instructor

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Sample text

The same diagnosis for why Temp lacks knowledge also explains where the reliabilist account goes awry. It is not reliability per se that we are Knowledge 31 interested in when it comes to knowledge, but rather the specific kind of reliability that is directly connected to the agent’s cognitive abilities. That’s why Chick can count as having knowledge – at least by externalist lights – while Temp cannot: Chick’s true belief, but not Temp’s, is the product of his reliable cognitive abilities, and not simply a true belief that is reliable.

The locus classicus for discussions of Gettier-style cases is Shope (1983). This example is adapted from one offered by Chisholm (1977: 105). For more on the lottery puzzle, see Hawthorne (2004). For more on the externalism/internalism distinction, see Kornblith (2001). The locus classicus for discussions of “animal” and “reflective” knowledge is Sosa (1991). For further discussion of anti-luck epistemology, see Pritchard (2005; 2007). The locus classicus for discussions of reliabilism is Goldman (1986).

1 There are two very natural ways of explaining why Lucky’s true belief does not qualify as knowledge. The first is to note that Lucky’s belief is only true as a matter of luck. That is, given how he formed his belief, that belief could very easily have been wrong. Compare Lucky’s belief in this regard with the belief held by someone who we would regard as having known that Lucky Lass would win. Let us suppose that unbeknownst to Lucky, the race was Central Issues of Philosophy Edited by John Shand © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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