By Marcelo M. Giugale, Connie Luff, Vicente Fretes-Cibils
After a long time of critical institutional challenge, Bolivia is reorienting its improvement method and shutting the space among the country's difficulties and potent options. This ebook contributes to the controversy on tips on how to confront the demanding situations that Bolivia faces this present day. It provides rules to aid the rustic develop equitably, with a clear and effective govt that offers more desirable social prone to its inhabitants.
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Extra resources for Bolivia: Public Policy Options for the Well-being of All
In health, the improvements attained during the preceding decade in terms of coverage, reduction of maternal mortality (by almost 60 percent as compared to 1990) and of infant mortality (by almost 40 percent with respect to 1990), among other accomplishments, were significant. If sustained, this progress will make it possible to attain the 2015 MDGs for the sector. However, Bolivia’s health situation continues to be one of the most worrisome in Latin America. The results on indicators such as the maternal and infant mortality rates place Bolivia among the worst in the region, after Haiti.
6 percent of the GDP in 2005, the lowest level in the last 15 years. International reserves are at record levels (equivalent to almost nine months of imports of goods) and the financial system, though reduced to two-thirds of its size with respect to the year 2000, has remained stable and has gradually recovered bank deposits. 7 billion. Moreover, the Hydrocarbons 1 2 BOLIVIA—PUBLIC POLICY OPTIONS FOR THE WELL-BEING OF ALL Law has generated an annual increase of about US$600 million in fiscal revenue (23 percent of tax revenue in 2005), even though this law could harm the development of the gas industry in the mid term.
On the other hand, another sub-sector with low productivity is devoted to the production of food for the domestic market. This second sub-sector is principally concentrated in the Andean zone, with farmers caught in a vicious cycle that perpetuates poverty, environmental degradation, loss of soil fertility, and decreasing yields (and, therefore, diminishing self-consumption or income from sales). Nonetheless, not all peasants in the Andean zone correspond to these characteristics; an estimated 20 percent have increased their productivity and income through improved penetration of the product markets.
Bolivia: Public Policy Options for the Well-being of All by Marcelo M. Giugale, Connie Luff, Vicente Fretes-Cibils