By John Saillant
Born in Connecticut, Lemuel Haynes was once first an indentured servant, then a soldier within the Continental military, and, in 1785, an ordained congregational minister. Haynes's writings represent the fullest checklist of a black man's faith, social suggestion, and competition to slavery within the late-18th and early-19th century. Drawing on either released and infrequent unpublished assets, John Saillant the following deals the 1st entire research of Haynes and his notion.
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Extra info for Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833 (Religion in America)
In this discussion of the slave trade, he relied on Benezet’s pamphlet for his information. Hundreds of slaves were crowded into the holds of slave ships, some shackled together, many naked. Often a third of the captives in the transatlantic passage died, while some committed suicide in their distress. Captives who resisted at sea were often tortured and murdered by the slavers in retaliation. The slave trade inevitably involved the dismemberment of families and friendships at the point of initial seizure of the slaves, at the coastal African slave-trading factories, and at the slave auctions of the New World.
Islam as one of the horns of the beast in Revelation 13], which may seem admirable to some and be looked upon by its votaries as the ﬁne burnished gold, and bright as the ﬁnest polished silver, then would not slavery and oppression have been abolished wherever its inﬂuence came? . ”62 Islam thus provided a counterpoint for both white Americans and black abolitionists. The latter absorbed the Christian prejudices against Islam, yet they also possessed an awareness of the Muslim role in the slave trade, either from their own experience of captivity in the trade or from reports from traders and captives.
Not merely a prophecy—something central to the Jewish and Muslim traditions—but events as earthshaking as the Cruciﬁxion and the Resurrection were required to inaugurate the postslavery world. The sacriﬁce of Christ, according to Haynes, in lifting the “curse of Ham” outlawed slavery. ” Yet as Christ removed the old dispensation, he outlawed slavery. ” The old dispensation was “contracted”—meaning here limited as well as covenantal—but the new one was universal, so no group may now be set apart as unclean, seemingly aﬄicted by “Embarisments, and Distinctions, [and] Bodily imperfections,” as blacks once were.
Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833 (Religion in America) by John Saillant