By J. Christopher States

ISBN-10: 111851114X

ISBN-13: 9781118511145

ISBN-10: 1118876598

ISBN-13: 9781118876596

ISBN-10: 1118876784

ISBN-13: 9781118876787

ISBN-10: 1118876997

ISBN-13: 9781118876992

This e-book illustrates the chemistry, toxicology, and future health results of arsenic utilizing novel modeling strategies, case experiences, experimental info, and destiny perspectives.

•    Covers publicity resources, well-being dangers, and mechanisms of 1 of the main poisonous minerals within the world
•    Helps readers comprehend strength health and wellbeing results of arsenic, utilizing inhabitants reports, mammalian and invertebrate types, and pharmacokinetic and toxicokinetic models
•    Discusses results, epidemiology, real-life examples, and modes of motion for arsenic-induced ailments, like lung melanoma, diabetes, cardiovascular and pulmonary illnesses, and immunotoxicity
•    Acts as a reference for toxicologists, environmental chemists, and possibility assessors and comprises updated, novel modeling concepts for scientists
•    Includes destiny views on distinct issues, like extrapolation from experimental versions to human exposures, biomarkers for phenotypic anchoring, and pathology of persistent publicity

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Additional resources for Arsenic : exposure sources, health risks, and mechanisms of toxicity

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Hossain, B. Das, B. Nayakl, A. Pal, A. Zafar, S. A. Banu, S. M. Rahman, Q. Quamruzzaman, D. Chakraborti, An eight‐year study report on arsenic contamination in groundwater and health effects in Eruani village, Bangladesh and an approach for its mitigation. The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 24 (2006) 129–141. [2] D. G. X. Hu, Poisoning by coal smoke containing arsenic and fluoride. Fluoride 30 (1997) 29–32. Y. Au, A biography of arsenic and medicine in Hong Kong and China. Hong Kong Medical Journal 17 (2011) 507–512.

10) In geothermal areas, further impacts on groundwaters and surface are frequently observed [188, 241, 243]. 1) and (ii) desorption of arsenic by elevation of pH or competitive sorption processes. Aquifers impacted by desorbed arsenic under nonreducing conditions are wide­ spread with notable examples in Argentina, the United States, Spain, and China (Datong Basin) among other places [201]. The pH of such waters is often strongly alkaline and arsenic concentrations may reach as high as a 5000 µg/L in association with elevated concentrations of other chemicals, notably F, B, V, and U [218].

5. Competing anions, notably phosphate [12], have been proposed as being of importance to controlling arsenic mobility, as has passivating polymerized silica [225] and organics. Although carbonate sorption has been proposed to be significant [112], recent experimentation [33] suggests generally otherwise. 3 ARSENIC DISTRIBUTION IN ROCKS Arsenic occurs ubiquitously in most rocks at concentrations in the range of 1–10 µg/g. Notable enrichments may also be found in loess, glacial tills, and peats, but most ­commonly in acid sulfate soils (up to 50 µg/g), shales (up to 200 µg/g), and rocks in certain mining districts (up to 10,000s µg/g) [219].

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Arsenic : exposure sources, health risks, and mechanisms of toxicity by J. Christopher States


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