By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A superior mound website bargains a wealth of fundamental info on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the biggest prehistoric mound website in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It was once first recorded in August 1739 by means of normal James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an excursion to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote greatly of the ecology of the realm in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity via Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, relatively of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological importance of the site.
Professional excavations begun at Ocmulgee in 1933 below the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management hard work. Investigations persevered less than various sponsorships till December 1936, whilst the locality used to be officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth hotel, and funeral mound printed an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound was once chanced on to include log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items incorporated uniquely patterned copper solar disks that have been came across at just one different website within the Southeast—the Bessemer website in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been confirmed as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological learn and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided an entire therapy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally similar them successfully to different recognized cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Extra info for Archeology of the Funeral Mound: Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
2. Lithic Artifacts As with the sherds, very little material in this category is catalogued from the submound level. Only 35 pieces of stone can be identified as belonging to the zone below the primary mound. Of these, I8 are small flint flakes, all with some patination. There are also three flakes of quartz, one light yellow and two pink. Both the flint and quartz flakes seem to be the usual scrap from the manufacture of tools. There was also a flat piece of fine-grained sandstone and a piece of calcined limestone.
C. Jones as those are the largest and are closest to the path. Why the ranger described them as burial mounds is not clear unless that was the general Creek explanation in the early years of the 18th century. The next recorded mention of Ocmulgee Old Fields is by James Adair in discussing the southern Indian's belief in ghosts and spirits. He says, "Indians and traders claimed to have heard ghostly singing and dancing especially at Okmulge, the old waste town, belonging to the Muskohge, ISO miles S.
Whether the Ocmulgee town split off from the mother Hitchiti town before or after leaving Ocmulgee Old Fields is not clear. The earlier occupation cannot be equated readily with any historic Creek towns, but the legends quoted in Hawkins and Gatschet indicate that the Creeks themselves believed Ocmulgee Old Fields was an old town of the nation. ]6 PRESENT APPEARANCE OF THE MOUNDS During the excavation under Dr. Kelly the mounds were referred to by the names given them by C. C. Jones. Later trinomial identifications were assigned in which the first element referred to the site (Macon Plateau), the second element was a county abbreviation (Bibb County), and the third element was the unit.
Archeology of the Funeral Mound: Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia by Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams