By Ian J. Bateman, Andrew A. Lovett, Julii S. Brainard
The advanced real-world interactions among the economic climate and the surroundings shape either the focal point of and major barrier to utilized learn in the box of environmental economics. although, geographical details platforms (GIS) permit economists to take on such complexity head on through at once incorporating different datasets into utilized learn instead of resorting to simplifying and infrequently unrealistic assumptions. This cutting edge e-book applies GIS thoughts to spatial cost-benefit research of a fancy and topical land use switch problem--the conversion of agricultural land to multipurpose woodland--looking intimately at matters resembling chance expenditures, bushes yield, activity, carbon garage, etc.,
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Extra info for Applied Environmental Economics: A GIS Approach to Cost-Benefit Analysis
Elicitation effects: empirical evidence Our own studies of elicitation effects have been conducted for both woodland and other resources. , 1995a, 1999b). Following a pilot survey (discussed subsequently in relation to payment vehicle effects), a main survey sample of about 3,000 visitors was obtained through face-to-face on-site interviews. This sample was divided up to permit sufﬁcient 18 19 A related problem in DC (and potentially other) formats is the phenomenon of ‘yea-saying’ or ‘nay-saying’, whereby the respondent decides ex ante to answer positively or negatively irrespective of the actual bid presented (see Kanninen, 1995; Alberini and Carson, 2001).
Carson et al. 96). This suggests that, while statistically different from each other (and, as we will see subsequently, on occasion strongly dissimilar), revealed and expressed preference measures do on average produce estimates which fall within the same broad range. For applications of the hedonic pricing revealed preference method to the valuation of woodland landscape amenity, see Garrod and Willis (1992a). In our own recent research we have examined the potential for improving Recreation: valuation methods 19 The remainder of this chapter presents brief reviews of the CV and TC methods, concentrating on areas of particular interest to this study.
Considering ﬁrst the commonly adopted approach of asking survey respondents annual payment questions a number of tax-based and donation-based collection mechanisms appear in the CV literature. , 1993b). Here a sample of over 400 respondents were presented with one of three payment vehicles: (i) an unspeciﬁed charitable donation (the DONATE vehicle); (ii) a payment to a hypothetical charitable fund speciﬁcally set up to facilitate ﬂood defence work in the Norfolk Broads (FUND); and (iii) payments made via direct taxation (TAX).
Applied Environmental Economics: A GIS Approach to Cost-Benefit Analysis by Ian J. Bateman, Andrew A. Lovett, Julii S. Brainard