By G. Mavrotas, A. Shorrocks
This booklet displays on present pondering in improvement economics and on what could ensue over the following 20 years. in addition to learning improvement economics looking back, the amount explores the present debates and demanding situations and appears ahead on the difficulties that impact the worldwide capability to accomplish the Millennium improvement Goals.
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Extra info for Advancing Development: Core Themes in Global Economics
Towards the end of this decade the increasing seriousness of the under- and unemployment problem in the developing world led to a consideration of employment as an objective in its own right next to GNP growth. The most noteworthy change in the conception of development was the concern for understanding better the intersectoral structure and physiology of the development process – as the preceding review of the conceptual state of the arts revealed. The development policies and strategies that prevailed in the 1960s flowed directly from the conceptual contributions, development objectives and the data system.
Consequently, any attempt at distinguishing traditional, labour-intensive activities from modern, capital-intensive activities in either agriculture or in service, could not be performed given the classification criteria underlying input–output tables. This example illustrates the interdependence that exists between the prevailing data systems and the conceptual framework in the actual formulation of development plans and strategies. This is an issue that is returned to subsequently. Another contribution of the late 1960s that was imbedded in intersectoral (input–output) analysis is the theory of effective protection, which clarified and permitted the measurements of the static efficiency cost of import substitution when both inputs and outputs are valued at world prices.
The selection and adoption of a development strategy – that is, a set of more or less interrelated and consistent policies – depend upon three building blocks: (1) the prevailing development objectives which, in turn, are derived from the prevailing view and definition of the development process; (2) the conceptual state of the art regarding the existing body of development theories, hypotheses, models, techniques and empirical applications; and (3) the underlying data system available to diagnose the existing situation, measure performance and test hypotheses.
Advancing Development: Core Themes in Global Economics by G. Mavrotas, A. Shorrocks