By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge historical past of archaeology in the course of the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the area. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines quite a lot of concerns, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological inspiration and perform, and the influence on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional info for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology)
By extension, some attention was also paid to the Greek and Egyptian pasts. The latter aspect was mainly due to the rediscovery, re-erection and restoration of the thirteen obelisks Wrst brought to Rome by the Roman Emperors in the Wrst century ce (Curl 1982). Prehistoric objects Antiquities and Political Prestige 33 were also included in the Wrst private collections, though not so much as emblems of antiquity, but as rare objects and curiosities (Skeates 2000: chs. 2, 3). The classical past now acted as one of the new forms of expressions of power.
Nineteenthcentury scholars assumed that there was no point in studying the past of uncivilized peoples, for they were just survivals, living fossils of by-gone societies which were about to disappear because of their inferiority. Part of the information contained in this chapter is linked to a type of colonialism not considered earlier in the book: internal colonialism. This term refers to the Europeans’ settling in territories, already dwelt in by non-state societies, which they considered unpopulated.
From 1663 some of its members specializing in history and antiquity created the Acade´mie royale des inscriptions et me´dailles (later called Acade´mie royale des inscriptions et belleslettres, shortened in English as the Academy of Inscriptions). In England the Royal Society was created in 1662 (Lyons 1944). However, the antiquities of individual nations were not the best looked after. Objects coming from the Roman world had priority, as well as those originating in the ancient Greek and Egyptian world.
A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology) by Margarita Diaz-Andreu