By Yongxiang Lu

ISBN-10: 3662441659

ISBN-13: 9783662441657

ISBN-10: 3662441667

ISBN-13: 9783662441664

A historical past of chinese language technological know-how and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with historical chinese language technology and know-how within the technique of Human Civilizations and an outline of chinese language technological know-how and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous concerns within the heritage of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with themes on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and drugs, The 4 nice innovations, and numerous technological parts heavily regarding garments, foodstuff, defend and transportation.
This booklet is the main authoritative paintings at the historical past of chinese language technological know-how and expertise. it's the Winner of the China publication Award, the Shanghai publication Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing undertaking (GAPP, basic management of Press and ebook of China) and gives a necessary source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.

It originated with a sequence of forty four lectures awarded to most sensible chinese language leaders, which obtained very optimistic suggestions. Written via most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of common Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language firms, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the heritage of technological know-how, philosophy of technology and expertise, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.

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Extra resources for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 2

Sample text

4 Pathogenic Theory The theory on causes of disease in traditional Chinese medicine is very simple— generally speaking, there are three types of pathogenies: internal causes, external causes, and non-endo-non-exogenous causes. The so-called external factors believes that there are six Qi’s between heaven and earth, namely wind, cold, heat, wet, dryness, and fire, and when one of them becomes too strong or appears where it is not supposed to, “excess” (evil) will occur. These evil Qi will invade the human body, causing “exogenous” diseases.

B Figure of the heart system.  18 The governor vessel, one of the eight extraordinary vessels, is located in the central line on the back of the human body acupoints” irrelevant to meridians or collaterals, or ashi acupoints denoted by the feeling of pains (that is, the places where pain is felt are acupoints). This theory is obviously derived from the integration of acupuncture therapy and channel theory. ” The channel theory is undoubtedly the most mysterious and most characteristic feature of traditional Chinese medicine, as well as the ancient knowledge of medicine attracting the widest attention from contemporary scientists.

Extraordinary fu viscera: brain, marrow, bone, channel, gall, and uterus (womb). Except for the “Sanjiao” Fu, the names of other organs are still in use, referring exactly to the same entities as modern anatomy. The only difference lies in the understanding of their functions—the ancient and modern understandings are different, so are Chinese and Western understandings. This is because the ancient names of organs originally came from actual observation. However, without the modern physiological and biochemical knowledge, it is impossible to establish a correct understanding of their functions.

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