By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating advent bargains a ancient exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles proposing the foremost philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this booklet, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by means of philosophers and scientists concerning the right overview of technology. This re-creation comprises modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with fresh paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative procedure, this paintings is the proper introductory quantity.

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19 Duns Scotus: Philosophical Writings, –. 20 Nicolaus of Autrecourt, ‘Second Letter to Bernard of Arezzo’, in Medieval Philosophy, ed. H. Shapiro (New York: The Modern Library, ), –. 21 J. R. Weinberg, Nicolaus of Autrecourt (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ), . 22 Ibid. –. 6 The Debate over Saving the Appearances Osiander on Mathematical Models and Physical Truth 40 Copernicus’s Pythagorean Commitment 40 Bellarmine v. Galileo 41 Kepler’s Pythagorean Commitment 41 Bode’s Law 44 Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) received a sinecure as canon at Frauenburg through the efforts of his influential uncle, the Bishop of Ermland.

10 This was a valuable methodological insight, and constituted a significant advance over Aristotle’s theory of procedure. Aristotle had been content to deduce statements about the same phenomena which serve as the starting-points of an investigation. Grosseteste and Bacon demanded further experimental testing of the principles reached by induction. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, Theodoric of Freiberg made a striking application of Bacon’s first prerogative. Theodoric believed that the rainbow is caused by a combination of refraction and reflection of sunlight by individual raindrops.

Ockham held that impetus is a superfluous concept. According to Ockham, a statement about the ‘motion of a body’ is shorthand for a series of statements that attribute to the body various positions at various times. And motion is not a property of a body, but is a relation which a body has to other bodies and to time. Since change of position is not a “property” of a body, there is no need to assign an efficient cause to this relative displacement. 18 aristotle’s method in the medieval period  The Controversy about Necessary Truth Aristotle had insisted that because a “natural necessity” orders the relations among the species and genera of objects and events, the appropriate verbal expression of these relations must have the status of necessary truth.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science (OPUS) by John Losee

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