By Michael Kennedy

ISBN-10: 0974946656

ISBN-13: 9780974946658

This creation to the historical past of drugs starts with the evolution of infectious illnesses on the finish of the final ice age. It describes the beginning of technology and drugs in historical civilizations, together with China and India. the 1st 3rd of the e-book covers the early interval that's thought of the "classical" background of drugs. the remaining describes the evolution of contemporary drugs and surgical procedure as much as the current. the ultimate bankruptcy is a heritage of clinical economics and explains the beginning of medical health insurance, HMOs and scientific malpractice complaints, topics defined nowhere else within the clinical college curriculum.

There is a forty web page index and over 550 footnotes, so much of them references to the unique articles defined within the textual content. A bibliography of crucial resources can also be integrated.

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Extra resources for A Brief History of Disease, Science and Medicine

Sample text

This is to ensure true results. Microbial contamination may pervert biochemical test results. Microbial contamination in containers may prevent accurate diagnosis of infectious conditions. Numerous other medical products are not required to be sterile. , need not be sterile. In some cases there may be a need to ensure that these products are microbiologically “clean,” or free from specific pathogens or from microbiological contamination indicators, but there is no obligation to sterility. Sterility is, however, required in some unusual circumstances for medical and nonmedical products that would not normally be associated with this type of need.

Sterility Assurance 29 A. Exponential Inactivation 30 V. Determinants of Sterility Assurance 34 A. Bioburden 34 B. Survival Curves 38 Sterility is defined as the total absence of viable life-forms (Table 1). The concept of sterility is absolute and acknowledges no boundaries. However, lifeforms are ubiquitous on this earth, and sterile conditions can only exist within some form of boundary. Once these boundaries are broken down the sterile condition is inevitably lost. Sterile conditions exist in nature—within solid rock for instance.

Drug Dynamics for Analytical, Clinical, and Biological Chemists, Benjamin J. Gudzinowicz, Burrows T. , and Michael J. Gudzinowicz 27. Modern Analysis of Antibiotics, edited by Adjoran Aszalos 28. Solubility and Related Properties, Kenneth C. James 29. Controlled Drug Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded, edited by Joseph R. Robinson and Vincent H. Lee 30. New Drug Approval Process: Clinical and Regulatory Management, edited by Richard A. Guarino 31. Transdermal Controlled Systemic Medications, edited by Yie W.

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A Brief History of Disease, Science and Medicine by Michael Kennedy


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